Of the approximately 45,000 Union prisoners held at Camp Sumter during the war, nearly 13,000 died.
The chief causes of death were scurvy, diarrhea, and dysentery.
Diary of a soldier from Mower County, Minnesota who served in the Ninth Minnesota Infantry Regiment in Missouri and Mississippi until his capture by Confederate forces and his subsequent incarceration and death at Andersonville Prison.
Entries by a second writer continue until October 9, some two months following Woodbury’s death at Andersonville.
Fathers’ POW status had no impact on their daughters’ health, it added.
The fact that sons’ lifespans were impacted and daughters’ were not indicates an “epigenetic effect transmitted along the Y chromosome,” Costa said. While the study’s findings are alarming, researchers note that the impact of trauma was likely mitigated by nutrients taken by mothers during pregnancy.The study examined data on male and females born after 1866 who lived to at least 45 years of age.The records were compared to data on the children of Union soldiers who survived the war but were never prisoners of war.For sons born in the fourth quarter of 1866 to mothers with adequate nutrition during their pregnancies, there was no difference in the eventual death rates of POW and non-POWs’ sons.However, for sons born during the second quarter of 1866, when maternal nutrition was inadequate, the sons of ex-POWs who experienced the harshest conditions were 1.2 times more likely to die than sons of non-POWs and sons of ex-POWs who had been held in less severe conditions.Data on 15,145 children of 4,920 veterans who had not been POWs were also studied.Costa discovered that sons of POWs in the worst camp environments were 1.11 times more likely to die at any given age after 45 years of age than the sons of non-POWs and 1.09 times more likely to die at any given age than the sons of POWs who had been imprisoned in camps when conditions were better. 11825 Issued in December 2005 NBER Program(s): Development of the American Economy Twenty-seven percent of the Union Army prisoners captured July 1863 or later died in captivity.At Andersonville the death rate may have been as high as 40 percent. Using two independent data sets we find that friends had a statistically significant positive effect on survival probabilities and that the closer the ties between friends as measured by such identifiers as ethnicity, kinship, and the same hometown the bigger the impact of friends on survival probabilities. "Surviving Andersonville: The Benefits of Social Networks in POW Camps," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. Bulletin on Retirement and Disability Bulletin on Health including Archive of Lists of Affiliates' Work in Medical and Other Journals with Pre-Publication Restrictions Archives of Bulletin on Aging and Health Digest — Non-technical summaries of 4-8 working papers per month Reporter — News about the Bureau and its activities.The prison camps of both sides were unable to house the large numbers of prisoners confined in them.Overcrowded and unsanitary, they were breeding grounds of disease.