Amanda Sinclair of the University of Melbourne has argued that this is often an active rather than a passive process.
In one study, centred on globalization, she found that policy makers face "pressures to adopt a simple reading of complex issues" and "to depoliticise and universalize all sorts of differences".
By reviewing quantitative data from government organizations such as the Central Intelligence Agency, USAid, the World Food Programme, and qualitative data from the United Nations, this study assesses the effectiveness of food assistance by USAID and WFP.
While a more comprehensive study would be necessary to establish causation, the data and literature reviewed here suggests that increasing food assistance has been associated with improving conditions in Ethiopia, including a decreasing malnutrition rate.
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An executive summary (or management summary) is a short document or section of a document produced for business purposes.
Abstracts are extensively used in academic research where the concept of the executive summary is not in common usage. read by parties who are trying to decide whether or not to read the main document", while "an executive summary, unlike an abstract, is a document in miniature that may be read in place of the longer document".
Executive summaries are important as a communication tool in both academia and business.
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