Social stratification is based on four major principles: Why does social stratification exist, and why are some countries more stratified than others?To analyze this question, we can look at social stratification through three major perspectives: structural functionalism, social conflict, and symbolic interaction.Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.
In this manner, social stratification systems function as essentially conservative influences in the society in which they are found.
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On the issue of functional importance, Davis and Moore state: two factors...determine the relative rank of different positions.
In general those positions convey the best reward, and have the highest rank which (a) have the greatest importance for the society and (b) require the greatest training or talent.
Each part of a society exists because it has a vital function to perform in maintaining the existence or stability of society as a whole; the existence of any part of a society is therefore explained when its function for the whole is identified.
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In other words, the function of anything, which is assumed to be beneficial c.
In the United States, it is perfectly clear that some groups have greater status, power, and wealth than other groups.
These differences are what led to social stratification.
One of the problems of modern societies, which Durkheim sought to remedy through state action, was the chaotic and inefficient ways in which labor forces were trained and rewarded.
Inept progeny of rich tycoons took over companies while intelligent children of workers went uneducated.