Dietary Supplement Research Paper

Dietary Supplement Research Paper-47
Exclusion criteria included giving multiple answers in the questionnaire, deleting an answer and providing a different one, not answering any of the questions, and lack of informed written consent to participate in the survey. The characteristics of the study group are detailed in Table 1.

Exclusion criteria included giving multiple answers in the questionnaire, deleting an answer and providing a different one, not answering any of the questions, and lack of informed written consent to participate in the survey. The characteristics of the study group are detailed in Table 1.

Qualitative variables were expressed by means of quantity and indicators of the structure.

The Pearson chi-square test was used to compare parameters between the studied subgroups.

Statistical analysis was performed using the STATISTICA 13.1.

The result of the statistical test was the test probability (p), with small values indicating the statistical significance of the considered dependence.

Vast number of people do not tell the difference between medication and DS frequently administering different groups of preparations at the same time neglecting possible interactions between the substances contained in them [8].

According to the studies, about half of the adult US population uses some form of DS, and a similar prevalence is likely to occur in many other countries despite economic, regional, and cultural differences [9].However, DS lack single uniform definition within the scope of legal or nutritional sciences.The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) defines food supplements as concentrated sources of nutrients or other substances with a nutritional or physiological effect intended to supplement a normal diet [3].The correct answer is that the bicarbonate or citrate were included in group A of DS.Research shows that only 29.20% of the studied women knew the correct answer, while 45.00% of men answered correctly.The aim of this study was to assess subjective and objective knowledge of the inhabitants of south-eastern Poland about diet and supplementation in sport. The research was conducted in the south-east of Poland between October 2017 and July 2018 during three events organized by the University of Rzeszów. During the preliminary analysis, 90 people were excluded from the study because they did not meet the previously well-explained rules of conduct during the study or did not meet the eligibility criteria for the tests. The survey method was a questionnaire with single-answer option. Our study revealed statistically significant subjective and objective level of knowledge about diet and supplementation in terms of sex.Also, a correlation was found between sex and the fact of being involved in physical activity, as well as the subjects’ knowledge of diet and supplementation in sport. High prevalence of dietary supplement use was found in our study population, but still significant percentage of the study group demonstrate inaccurate information about these products.Hence, there is an urgent need to provide the community with education and access to scientific and unbiased information.Diet and physical activity are well recognized to play important role in maintaining health and disease prevention [1].We assumed in the paper that The data from Table 2 suggest statistically significant dependence between the sex of the studied population and their knowledge about the diet and supplementation in sport.Most of the subjects did not know what kind of DS was included in group A.

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