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Epicurus founded his physics based upon Democritus but discovered that Democritus had no distinguishing ethical doctrine and, therefore, had to formulate his own objective ethics.Epicurus went on to formulate a self-centered moral philosophy in which the individual person is the realm of moral enterprise.
These gods do not concern themselves with human beings.
They are in a perfect state of contentment and free of any and all uneasiness.
In other words, nature randomly tries all kinds of combinations, but only those that accord to the laws of nature emerge and persist.
Epicurus believed that all that exists is corporeal and that the universe has no beginning, has always existed, and will always exist.
He taught that atomic motion is not solely the result of past motion and weight.
Although subject to their past motion and weight, occasionally and randomly atoms swerve to the side resulting in atomic collisions.Soul atoms are particularly fine, the most easily moving, distributed throughout the body, and are the means by which persons have sensations and experience pleasure and pain.A major part of the soul is concentrated in the chest and is the central location of higher intellectual functions.He used his radical, atomistic, and materialistic metaphysics to deny the possibility of the soul's survival after death and its possible punishment in the afterlife.Epicurus taught that soul atoms become disarranged at death and therefore could no longer support conscious life.Upon death, the body decomposes, and all of its atoms become dispersed throughout the air.At death, a particular body, including the soul (or mind), becomes a number of distinct atoms. This is because a person is an inextricable union of an atomistic body and an atomistic soul (or mind).He said that everything that exists is made up of eternal atoms separately falling in space.The atoms are of different shapes and sizes and have weight.Only discontented beings act and because gods are perfect and totally contented they are not involved in any manner in human affairs.Epicurus contends that fear of death and punishment in the afterlife are primary causes of anxiety that itself is the source of irrational desires.