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He also is well-known for being an obedient, henpecked husband, for Dame Van Winkle has no problem shouting insults into the neighborhood and tracking him down in the village to berate him.All the women and children in the village love him and side with him against his wife, and even the dogs do not bark at him.
'This research shows that men are under very strong prescriptive norms to be a certain way, and they work hard to correct the image they project when their masculinity is under threat,' said co-author Benoît Monin, a professor of organizational behavior and psychology at Stanford University The findings might seem amusing, but other studies have found that men compensate for a lack of masculinity in ways that aren't as innocuous.
Men with baby faces, for example, were more likely to have assertive and hostile personalities and commit crimes than their more chiseled counterparts.
The study found that male college students who were given falsely low results on a handgrip strength test exaggerated their height by three-quarters of an inch on average, reported having more romantic relationships, claimed to be more aggressive and athletic, and showed less interest in stereotypically feminine consumer products.
By contrast, men who received average score results, and whose masculinity was therefore not threatened, did not exaggerate those characteristics.
It is not because he is lazy—in fact, he is perfectly willing to spend all day helping someone else with their labor.
He is just incapable of doing anything to help his own household.Would they acknowledge that they weren't as strong as they perhaps thought? So Cheryan devised the handgrip experiment and a second one that required a male group of students to take a computer-based masculinity test with multiple-choice questions about consumer preferences and personal attributes.In the second experiment, the participants were told the median score on the test was 72 out of 100, with 100 being 'completely masculine,' and were randomly given a score of 26 or 73.The magazine had a feature that asked men on the street how much they could bench press and then brought them into a gym to put their statements to the test.Most couldn't bench what they claimed they could, and that got Cheryan thinking: What would those men do, she wondered, now that their masculinity was threatened?Identifying the various strategies men use when their masculinity is threatened, Cheryan said, can help with understanding male behavior in real-life situations.'Men have a lot of power in our society, and what this study shows is that some decisions can be influenced by how they're feeling about their masculinity in the moment,' she said.Rip Van Winkle is descended from gallant soldiers but is a peaceful man himself, known for being a kind and gentle neighbor.His single flaw is an utter inability to do any work that could turn a profit.Men who were told they scored low on masculinity tests were more likely to act aggressively, harass women and belittle other men.Additionally, unemployed men were more likely to instigate violence against women, and men who were not their household's primary breadwinner were less willing to share in housework duties.