As a result, higher population growth can bring the detriment to the productivity and economic growth.” A country, which has a rapid population growth, can suffer many burdens, such as capital dilution, shortage of necessity resources and the casualty could lead the whole population to poverty, famine and starvation.
As the human population expands, the damaging effects on the environment multiply.
Problems associated with overpopulation include the increased demand for resources such as fresh water and food, starvation and malnutrition, consumption of natural resources (such as fossil fuels) faster than the rate of regeneration, and a deterioration in living conditions.
Over the economists have argued whether overpopulation has a positive or a negative effect.
In 1826 an economist named Thomas R Malthus created a population growth model that stated “the population growth can reduce the output per capita because population increases at a geometrical rate while production rises at an arithmetic rate so that output growth rate cannot keep the same pace.” Robert M.