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Therefore, it represented one of the first attempts to appreciate the constructive nature of experience and the meaning persons give to their experience.
Since its appearance in the 1950s, personal construct psychology (PCP) has mainly developed as a constructivist theory of personality and a system of transforming individual meaning-making processes, largely in therapeutic contexts.
It was based around the notion of persons as scientists who form and test theories about their worlds.
The authors explore the cultural meaning of illness, discuss how individuals experience illness, and critique the foundations of medical knowledge.
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There is a distinction between the medical notion of disease and the social constructionist concept of illness.
Essay On Social Construction Seven Samurai Thesis
For the medical profession, disease is a biological condition, universal and unchanging; social constructionists define illness as the social meaning of that condition.
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Illness is an increasingly public experience shared on the Internet.
This essay, from a Journal of Health and Social Behavior supplement, uncovers the roots of social constructionist theory beginning with Eliot Freidson’s “Social Construction of Illness” in the 1960s and Michel Foucault’s knowledge/power paradigm in the 1970s.
The authors consider socially stigmatized and contested illnesses, drawing a distinction between impairment and disability.