(Gerrish 2006) suggest that evidence based practice consists of research, patient experience and clinical expertise.
It is important to address which research findings nurses should consult to inform their clinical practice in order for them to deliver adequate care to their patients.
To achieve this often-conflicting goal, nurses must access and evaluate extensive clinical information and incorporate it into clinical practice.
This trend had led to increased nursing research and to evidence based nursing practice.
“The conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.
The practice of evidence based medicine means integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external evidence from systematic research.” (Sackett et al 1996;72) Nurses are at the frontline of healthcare and have most one to one contact time with clients; therefore it is essential that the foundation of their practice be formed from reliable evidence (Parahoo 2006).
The Cochrane Collaboration supply research material which is available to everyone.
Their aim as an organisation is to provide health care workers, clients and their carers with information on the most current and reliable evidence used within health care settings.
Quantitative research is most often encountered as part of formal or conclusive research.
Quantitative techniques are part of primary research.