Other friends were George Henry Lewes, Thomas Henry Huxley, and John Stuart Mill.In 1853 Spencer, having received a legacy from his uncle, resigned his position with (1861).Social Darwinism is term that is used for application of biological concepts of Charles Darwin to sociology and political science.
Spencer rejected some traditional elements of the curriculum and emphasized the importance of self-development, sympathetic attention from instructors, observation and problem solving, physical exercise and free play, and discipline derived from experiencing the natural consequences of one’s actions rather than from punishments imposed by teachers and parents.
, in which information was provided about the social institutions of various societies, both “primitive” and “civilized.” The series was interrupted in 1881 because of a lack of public support.
In Spencer’s day social Darwinism was invoked to justify laissez-faire economics and the minimal state, which were thought to best promote unfettered competition between individuals and the gradual improvement of society through the “Herbert Spencer is famous for his doctrine of social Darwinism, which asserted that the principles of evolution, including natural selection, apply to human societies, social classes, and individuals as well as to biological species developing over geologic time.
He is also remembered for introducing the term Spencer’s father, William George Spencer, was a schoolmaster, and his parents’ dissenting religious convictions inspired in him a nonconformity that continued active even after he had abandoned the Christian faith.
William Graham Sumner was influenced by Spencer’s work. Some historians don’t believe that he actually believed in He was born on 27 April 1820 in Derby, England.
He gained some basic education from his father and his uncles.
Herbert Spencer is sometimes named as the founder of social Darwinism. Spencer came with his concepts and with the term “survival of the fittest” before he got to know Darwin’s.
His ideas are based on the theory of Lamarckian inheritance by French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.
The publication of this book got Spencer into the circle of well-known authors.
He built acquaintances and friendships with John Stuart Mill, Harriet Martineau, George Henry Lewes and George Eliot.