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The argumentative theory of reason suggests that reason doesn’t work very well alone.However, it does work brilliantly when combined in public debate.Therefore, reasoning about a decision in multiple moods, places and settings will give you the greatest variety of backdrops to reason about things.
The first problem was actually resolved over a hundred years ago by psychologists Edward Thorndike and Robert Woodworth.
The popular view of learning of their day was the idea that human brains contained large, distinct “faculties” such as logic, memory and judgement, and that by practicing them on subjects, regardless of their relevance to the real world, would strengthen these faculties just like lifting weights in the gym improves your muscles.
Being able to think critically is an essential skill. With that said, what’s the best way to improve your ability to think critically?
You need to wade through what everyone is saying and pick out the truth from the nonsense. I’m going to start with what I believe is the wrong way to improve critical thinking, which is sadly the kind most often taught in schools.
Given what we know about how reason works, there’s a few things you can do: Since reason tends to be more to justify than to generate the right judgement, one way to avoid making mistakes is to reason about the same problem in a lot of different contexts.
The modular theory of mind says that rather than a single coordinated function, the brain consists of a lot of semi-autonomous modules that all “vote” their preferred action into the brain.
Old beliefs may cling stubbornly to their prior position, even once you’re shown to be wrong.
Part of this may be because, in an argumentative theory of reason, we are trying to justify our intuitive beliefs rather than argue against them.
While there’s some benefit of this, most of the work of learning a language is learning specific vocabulary.
Thus, if you want to learn Japanese, you’re best off learning Japanese vocabulary—mastering Latin first won’t help too much.