and then explore whether or not some other temperature might more economically achieve the goal of heating the room would be engaged in double-loop learning. Here we should seek to follow a concept introduced by Immanuel Kant as a way of evaluating motivations for actions – called the Categorical Imperative. We make deductions from laws to see what should happen and then experiment to see if our prediction was right. to test whether a burner is hot, we must touch the burner first using Inductive Reasoning; however, if we were to use Deductive Reasoning, we would first predict the burner to be hot and would realize there is not need to touch it.
Kant defines a categorical imperative as an absolute or an unconditional requirement that must be obeyed in all circumstances and is justified as an end in itself. One last benefit of Reasoning Backwards is that it forces our linear and logical mind to catch things we wouldn’t normally catch.
hence, double-loop.“A thermostat that automatically turns on the heat whenever the temperature in a room drops below 68 degree is a good example of single-loop learning. Moreover, Reasoning Backwards can be viewed through the lens of deduction.
A thermostat that could ask why am I set to 68 degree? I prefer deduction over induction and here is why: An example of Inductive Reasoning is: .
Imagine also that you remove the outboard motor from the motorboat, and you are no longer in Florida.
And from the bicycle you remove the handle-bar and discard the rest of the bike.
As humans, we typically operate on cognitive autopilot.
We rarely stop and reflect on how we interpret information and create mental models which replicate our perception of reality.
Critical thinking is about asking yourself how you make choices. Army, I will explain how I upgrade my critical thinking skills using Colonel John Boyd’s OODA Loop as a framework for critical thinking.
We can choose to believe something we hear or see; however, why do we choose to believe something we hear or see? I will then demonstrate practical ways to upgrade your critical thinking skills for a sharper mind using tools and techniques from the “Critical thinking is observing the world with an open and skeptical mindset with the goal of exploring all alternatives objectively (as much as possible).