Medieval Pilgrimage Essay

Medieval Pilgrimage Essay-41
Because of this, pilgrimage portals in Medieval cathedrals were meant to have a powerful impact on travelers in their art and architecture.It’s because of this that many of these portals depicted the Apocalypse or the Last Judgement.It also provides a distinct category of viewer from whose perspective medieval art can be considered.

Because of this, pilgrimage portals in Medieval cathedrals were meant to have a powerful impact on travelers in their art and architecture.It’s because of this that many of these portals depicted the Apocalypse or the Last Judgement.It also provides a distinct category of viewer from whose perspective medieval art can be considered.

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Pilgrimage art is not a type of art but rather a context for the interactions between pilgrims, people involved in the devotional practice of pilgrimage, and the art and architecture they encountered.

Nilson 1998 and Duffy 1992 have specific regional foci, though the ramifications of Duffy’s study extend beyond England.

Gerson 2006 should be consulted as a historiographical overview rather than a study of the subject itself.

Mâle 1922 is a broad iconographic study of 12th-century French art, important for being the first art historical work to identify the pilgrimage routes through Spain and France as channels for the transmission of visual art, a theory indebted to Jacques Bédier’s studies of epic poetry.

Sumption 1975 is an accessible overview of medieval pilgrimage, though imprecise in many specifics.Girault and Girault 2001 is organized similarly, though with a stronger emphasis on images of pilgrims.The others serve as overviews of specific aspects of the topic, including regional and thematic.The Gothic Cathedrals, on the other hand, use pointed voussoirs and tympanums in their portals.The points disperse and angle the thrust downward, making their portals both taller and deeper than the previous Romanesque style. Lazare’s west portal holds a tympanum depicting a scene of the Last Judgement.[6] Santiago de Compostela’s Portico de la Gloria has a tympanum of an Apocalyptic scene.As the Christian faith grew throughout Medieval Europe, churches began to grow and use art and architecture to mirror their beliefs, specifically the belief of the Last Judgement of souls.One of the first things that a Christian pilgrim would see walking into these churches was the portal, or entrance to the church.In both portals, Christ is the central figure and is shown having open arms and being a frontal. James sitting on a lion, holding a pilgrim staff, which many pilgrims carried to help them traverse the land on their journey.[7] On either side of the trumeau are jamb figures of apostles and prophets who appear to be in conversation with one another.[8] The voussoir leading from the jambs holds 24 elders that are playing instruments, which were designed so accurately that they were successfully reproduced into life-size scale.[9] The tympanum is a high relief sculpture depicting Christ in Majesty with angels, prophets, and apostles who appear to have been smiling.[10] Master Matthew, the artist, seems to take a more hopeful view on the Apocalypse in Christianity.[11] He focuses on the redemption and returning faithful of the Christian world. Lazare’s Cathedral, on the other hand, offers a darker comparison. Lazare’s tympanum is also a high relief sculpture, it is divided into two sides: the right of Christ depicting heaven and the left of Christ depicting hell.[12] Mary, the Mother of Christ, is enthroned in heaven on Christ’s right.[13] Below her is the kingdom of heaven, shown as being a building with rounded arches in the windows.[14] The other side of Christ, however, shows a much darker depiction. It even shows a pilgrim carrying a scallop to judgement, representing those who have gone on pilgrimage in the hope of being saved from eternal damnation.[16] While Santiago de Compostela’s figures are holy people who would be awaiting the blessed as they entered heaven, St.Lazare’s tympanum and lintel show the reality of the Last Judgement: not everyone will be saved.Four cathedrals along the routes, the Cathedrals of St. Lazarus, who is said to be raised from the dead by Christ in the Christian religion.[2] St.Lazare, Burgos, Leon, and Santiago de Compostela, are examples of Medieval architecture. Ferdinand commissioned the Burgos Cathedral after he married his wife in the Old Burgos Cathedral.[3] Leon Cathedral was originally built as a Romanesque church for the crowning of King Alfonso V, but was later rebuilt into its Gothic form.[4] Santiago de Compostela was built over St.

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