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The elephant might be in the room - a whole herd of them - and so what? "There is widespread awareness of the prevalence of antisemitic feeling, and unwillingness to admit sharing it." In the most objective way Orwell describes the hypocrisy of a tolerance which is actually a deceiving attempt to conceal a deep-rooted unease toward Jewry.3) THE SPORTING SPIRITThe Moscow Dynamos' 1945 tour was supposed to be part of the shrewd propaganda of those chaotic days.#sorrynotsorry At just £1 a book this is a very affordable series, making it a great entryway to modern literature and voices if you're not yet familiar with an author or the writing, or want to collect a few more gems from existing favourites.
Well now, that is not shocking, but quite depressing.
The enemies of specific tribes may have changed, but the lunacy, as Orwell calls it, to see one power unit (the own one, that is, of course) as absolutely, unfailingly good, and all other power units as evil, or at least bad or inferior, still reigns unbeaten on our tiny and overcrowded lunatic asylum planet.
For the power units themselves are effective tools, and they are not likely to support critical and individual thinking outside the tribal menu. Orwell approaches the idea with an unbiased opinion, with the concept of nationalism being more loyal to a philosophy to the point you start to ignore its failings and stop using reason to analyse it in comparison to other ideas.
Three key points make up his concept - Positive, Negative and Transferred, and how different types of political ideologies can be nationalistic without representing a nation state.
- has blindfolded any manifestation of individual consciousness in his mind. How they push their way to the head of queues, and so on. I think they're responsible for a lot of what happens to them." This is only one of many such quotes.
It's the definition of what Orwell will call 'Doublethink' in 'Nineteen Eighty-Four': the deliberate denial of reality. The war increased the population's wariness, turning it into blatant hostility; even at the end of the war, as Orwell points out, this dangerous substratum is still a threat lurking behind the veil of social and political respectability.
Such 'nationalism' can be pro as well as against anything; it can take any conceivable direction and relentlessly change the object of its worship: " What remains constant in the nationalist is his own state of mind: the object of his feelings is changeable, and may be imaginary. Orwell took inspiration from history, not from fantasy... The author also reminds us of an unpleasant truth: we all could give up on our rationality, for whatever reason, on account of whatever party/entity/idea/necessity.
"The author points out the dangers inherent in any system of thought that is based on the habit of labelling and classifying other human beings in groups. "There is no crime that cannot be condoned when 'our' side commits it.
Nationalism, on the other hand, is inseparable from the desire for power.
The purpose of every nationalist is to secure more power, not for himself but for the nation or other unit in which he has chosen to sink his own individuality." The key words here are 'or other unit'.