Correspondingly to the academic degree, the last phase of an academic thesis is called in Spanish a defensa de grado, defensa magistral or defensa doctoral in cases in which the university candidate is finalizing his or her licentiate, master's, or Ph D program.
According to a committee resolution, the dissertation can be approved or rejected by an academic committee consisting of the thesis director, the thesis coordinator, and at least one evaluator from another recognized university in which the student is pursuing his or her academic program.
Sometimes, at least one member of the committee must be a professor in a department that is different from that of the student.
In the Latin American docta, the academic dissertation can be referred to as different stages inside the academic program that the student is seeking to achieve into a recognized Argentine University, in all the cases the students must develop original contribution in the chosen fields by means of several paper work and essays that comprehend the body of the thesis.
A typical undergraduate paper or essay might be forty pages.
Master's theses are approximately one hundred pages. This may vary greatly by discipline, program, college, or university.
At most universities, the committee is chosen by the student in conjunction with his or her primary adviser, usually after completion of the comprehensive examinations or prospectus meeting, and may consist of members of the comps committee.
The committee members are doctors in their field (whether a Ph D or other designation) and have the task of reading the dissertation, making suggestions for changes and improvements, and sitting in on the defense.
, meaning "something put forth", and refers to an intellectual proposition.
"Dissertation" comes from the Latin dissertātiō, meaning "discussion".