When looking up the meaning of a term such as , a bilingual youth may very well encounter an unfamiliar word in the native language.
Simply copying a translation does little to promote reading comprehension.
The following strategies can help motivate reluctant readers: Secondary students certainly need to know how and when to use a dictionary to look up the meanings of unfamiliar words.
Surprisingly, many adolescents lack even the most rudimentary dictionary skills and benefit from some explicit instruction.
English learners may carry a bilingual dictionary, but this resource is generally inadequate for several reasons.
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First, long-term bilinguals or more recent immigrants with disrupted educational histories may have limited academic vocabulary in the home language.The largest influence on students' vocabulary is the sheer volume of reading they do, especially wide reading that includes a rich variety of texts.This presents a particularly difficult challenge for underprepared high-school students who lack the reading habit.Further, the small bilingual dictionaries carried by secondary students offer limited and often inaccurate definitions.An electronic dictionary may be equally unproductive for a bilingual or less proficient reader tackling grade-level curricula, as it tends to offer scant definitions and no contextualized example sentences. Kevin Feldman A Rationale Directly Addressing Vocabulary Development What Doesn't Work? Strategies for Conceptually Challenging Words Authentic Assessment of Vocabulary Mastery Summary References state, "The relation between reading comprehension and vocabulary knowledge is strong and unequivocal.This chapter will describe some of the most practical and effective strategies that high-school teachers can employ with diverse learners to enhance vocabulary development and increase reading comprehension.This lexical accessorizing is overwhelming to a reader who may be striving simply to get the gist of a novel, and it proves to be even more daunting as the student attempts to study a litany of unfamiliar terms.Graves and Graves make a helpful distinction between teaching vocabulary and teaching concepts. These dictionaries are also easier for students to utilize than collegiate dictionaries because the entries are printed in a larger type size and include useful and obvious signposts to guide them in identifying the proper entry.A final advantage is that many learners' dictionaries may be purchased in book form, along with a CD-ROM providing pictures, audio, and pronunciation of headwords.