Proper Use Of References In An Essay

Note that citation standards are often far less stringent in popular publications such as newspapers.Academic publications have formal rules for citation and referencing that vary between different fields, journals, etc.

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Your list of references (or bibliography) is placed after the main text of your thesis.

It must contain all the details needed to retrieve the sources referred to.

This list of references below uses the Harvard-style to provide references to books, journals, theses, images and electronic documents. You can also easily change to a different reference style if necessary.

Ask your institution what reference management software is available. Instead of copying and pasting your references, you can usually export them from the database you are searching in.

If you want to add or replace something in a quotation, you mark this by using square brackets.

Example: “The single life that exists in late modern [western] society may be perceived as forming part of such a democratic culture” (Kloster, 2003, p. It might also be relevant to remove or add italics in a longer quotation. Example: “The single life that exists in late modern society may be can also mean that the quotation is unusual, but correctly reproduced.To follow correct referencing practice you need to mention the source in the text and provide complete information about the source in a reference list (sometimes called a literature list or a bibliography).Proper use of references allows the readers to locate your sources, either to read them or to evaluate your interpretation.Collecting all your references in one place makes it easier to keep track of them, even if you do not use all of them in the end.It may also be a good idea to save keywords and search histories for previous searches and in the same document.If you have a long quotation including some irrelevant parts it might make sense to exclude some parts.This has to be marked clearly with for example three dots in square brackets […] or regular parenthesis (…). (ellipsis), whereas parenthesis is used for longer exclusions.The appearance of your list of references will depend on the reference style you use.All sources referred to in your text must be included in your list of references.Secondary references refer to a work that you have not read, but that is discussed in a text that you have read.In general, you should only cite works that you have read.


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