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Most people have no symptoms until CKD is advanced.
Kidney function is best measured by an indicator called GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate) which measures the blood filtration rate by kidneys.
This indicator allows doctors to determine if the kidney function is normal, and if not, to what level the reduced kidney function has deteriorated.
Simple laboratory tests are done on small samples of blood (to measure creatinine content and estimate GFR) and on urine (to measure creatinine and albumin excretion).
Your doctor uses the results of your Serum Creatinine measured in the blood to estimate your overall kidney function, or Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) and your blood sugar to be sure you do not have diabetes.
When kidney function falls below a certain point, it is called kidney failure.
Kidney failure affects your whole body, and can make you feel very ill. Treatable: If CKD is detected early and managed appropriately, the deterioration in kidney function can be slowed or even stopped, and the risk of associated cardiovascular complications can be reduced.The main indicator of kidney function is your blood level of creatinine, a waste product of the body produced by muscles and excreted by the kidneys.If kidney function is reduced, creatinine accumulates in the blood leading to an elevated level when a blood test is checked.Sometimes CKD is inherited (such as polycystic disease) or the result of longstanding blockage to the urinary system (such as enlarged prostate or kidney stones).Some drugs can cause CKD, especially some pain-killing drugs (analgesics) if taken over a long time.High blood pressure (hypertension) and diabetes are the most common causes of kidney disease.The high blood pressure causes just over a quarter of all cases of kidney failure.Dialysis and kidney transplantation are known as renal replacement therapies (RRT) because they attempt to “replace” the normal functioning of the kidneys and are discussed in more detail below.A kidney transplant is an operation to place a healthy (donor) kidney in your body to perform the functions your own diseased kidneys can no longer perform.Sources: The majority of individuals with early stages of CKD go undiagnosed.On WKD we are calling on everyone to check if they are at risk for kidney disease and encouraging people with any risk factors to take a simple kidney function test.