Scientific Problem Solving Method

Scientific Problem Solving Method-3
Because Galileo realized this, and particularly because he drummed it into the scientific world, he is the father of modern physics—indeed, of modern science altogether.

Because Galileo realized this, and particularly because he drummed it into the scientific world, he is the father of modern physics—indeed, of modern science altogether.

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As simple as the process looks, it has utterly changed the course of history.

We have boiled down the concept to its simplest essential form. But it's several orders of magnitude better than what came before it, which was no hypothesis testing at all.

The result of the inquiry, then, is, that there has been no particular outbreak or prevalence of cholera in this part of London except among the persons who were in the habit of drinking the water of the above-mentioned pump well.

On the basis of this evidence Snow concluded that drinking water from the Broad Street well pump caused cholera. Snow then devised an experiment so simple it rings in the minds of scientists to this day.

The method derives its power from the way it forces hypotheses to evolve via cycles of experimentation until they are either rock solid or tossed out as unworthy of being added to the world's storehouse of proven scientific knowledge. For a scientist the problem to solve is what is the cause of a particular effect?

For the 17 century English physician John Snow, the problem to solve was what is the cause of diseases like cholera and the Black Death?His eventual solution was so profound, and so epitomized the practical use of the Scientific Method, that he is remembered as the father of epidemiology (the study of contagious diseases in a population).John Snow had long been skeptical of the then dominant miasma theory that diseases like cholera were caused by a noxious form of foul air: was considered to be a poisonous vapor or mist filled with particles from decomposed matter (miasmata) that caused illnesses.Contents Definition Why the Scientific Method is supremely important An example of how scientists use the Scientific Method How problem solvers use the Scientific Method How environmentalism has used the Scientific Method Where environmentalism erred in use of the Scientific Method An alternative paradigm that could possibly work Environmentalism 2.0 "Solution of problems too complicated for common sense to solve is achieved by long strings of mixed inductive and deductive inferences that weave back and forth between the observed machine and the mental hierarchy of the machine found in the manuals. Formulate a hypothesis that explains the phenomenon. There was no concept of rigorous systematic testing of new propositions. Today, any scientist who puts forth a new major hypothesis without first subjecting it to the Scientific Method (theoretically or physically) will not survive as a scientist for long.The correct program for this interweaving is formalized as Scientific Method." ~ Robert Pirsig, 1974, The Scientific Method 1. There are many versions of what the Scientific Method actually is.There was no good explanation for the phenomenon of cholera at the time, which had a mortality rate of about 50%.Snow's scientific approach to solving the cause of cholera problem is one of the great classics of science.When a virulent cholera epidemic broke out in London in 1854, Snow investigated.Through interviews he collected data about which houses cholera deaths occurred in.In syphilis, smallpox, and vaccinia, we have physical proof of the increase of the morbid material, and in other communicable diseases the evidence of this increase, derived from the fact of their extension, is equally conclusive.As cholera commences with an affection of the alimentary canal, and as we have seen that the blood is not under the influence of any poison in the early stages of this disease,[5] it follows that the morbid material producing cholera must be introduced into the alimentary canal [and] must, in fact, be swallowed accidentally, for persons would not take it intentionally....

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