There were three major social groups in France prior to the French revolution. The First Estate consisted of the clergy; the second one was nobility while the third estate was known as the commoners.
The major goal of the commoners was to attain more power and independence from the nobility and the clergy.
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It resulted in many changes, developing new political forces (including nationalism and democracy), decreasing the authority of nobles and kings, and new ideas.
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Secondly, property of the church was nationalised and there was abolition of the monasteries.
This weakened the economic power of the church (Kates 57).
The nobility which composed of the Second Estate also had the same interest as that of the clergy.
The nobility of the sword was evidently the most privileged among the three types. Some of the privileges which they had such as tax exemption and manorial rights was short lived since the poor nobility could not afford most of their basic needs and therefore decided to be like commoners due to rising inflation.