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It is not intended to be exhaustive, however it aims to add to considerations of this very complex and sensitive topic through analysis of the domestic regulatory environment relating to both passive and active forms of voluntary euthanasia, and of relevant international laws by way of comparison with domestic regulation.
The AMA states that not initiating or withdrawing life-prolonging treatment ‘does not constitute euthanasia or physician assisted suicide’ where a medical practitioner is acting in accordance with good medical practice.
Whilst doctors have an ethical duty to preserve life there is also a responsibility to relieve suffering...
However, the statements by medical professionals to explain their position that existing end of life practices do not constitute euthanasia appear to reflect an understanding of euthanasia more in line with active, rather than passive, euthanasia.
What is clear is that regulations do currently exist to permit the withdrawing or withholding of medical treatment in certain circumstances, regardless of whether such practices are described as passive euthanasia or fall within the meaning of established medical practice.
The word ‘euthanasia’ is derived from the Greek word Euthanasia is sought not only by those suffering excruciating pain, but for other reasons such as changes in quality of life resulting from catastrophic physical injury and psychological factors associated with incurable diseases.
Term Paper For Euthanasia Speech Thesis Sentence
The current debate on euthanasia sits within a social context that is in a state of flux.No piece of legislation characterises such practices as euthanasia.Indeed, as with members of the medical profession, certain government departments have explicitly stated that such instruments do not permit euthanasia.if the patient has a terminal illness, is in a persistent vegetative state, or is permanently unconscious).although there are circumstances in which a health provider will be protected for non-compliance (for example, if there are reasonable grounds to believe that the directive does not reflect the current wishes of the person, or where a directive is uncertain or inconsistent with good medical practice).Health practitioners who act in good faith and/or reasonably refuse to provide or continue medical treatment in reliance on an advance directive are generally taken to be acting with the consent of the patient.Enduring powers of attorney or guardianship allow a person to appoint one or more agents to make decisions about the provision or refusal of medical treatment if and when that person has impaired decision-making capacity.The attorney or guardian is generally required to make treatment decisions that are consistent with directions given by the person when competent, including those specified within the enduring power of attorney/guardianship itself, or in an advance directive.The table below sets out which instruments are available in each jurisdiction and the relevant Act.The common key features and differences between these instruments are summarised below: Advance directives allow competent adults to execute formal directives in writing (except for the ACT where they may be oral), For example, in Queensland a directive specifying the withdrawal or withholding of treatment will only operate in certain circumstances (i.e.However, again, such statements seem to be focused on active, rather than passive euthanasia.The Western Australian Department of Health, for example, answers the question ‘Does an Advanced Health Directive permit euthanasia?