"Viewed in long-run perspective," writes Kingsley Davis, "the growth of the earth's population has been like a long, thin powder fuse that burns slowly and haltingly until it finally reaches the charge and then explodes." The most remarkable aspect of the increase in the population of the west which is called the Demographic Revolution is the growth of the English-speaking peoples; they multiplied from an estimated 5,500,000 in 1600 to 200,000,000 in 1940.
In the last 150 years of statistical history the British Isles increased their population more than fourfold, while at the same time they contributed more than 17,500,000 people to the settlement of North America and the overseas Dominions.
But there was another development: the age of reason, often called the Enlightenment.
Thinkers and scientists across Europe developed ideas about social justice, poverty relief and sanitation.
However, threat of dearth and famine was still a fact of life for many Europeans.
Thomas Malthus Essay On The Principle Of Population Politics Dissertation Help
In fact, population growth drove people to the margins of subsistence in an already impoverished environment.By the end of the 18th century population growth in England and other parts of Europe accelerated due to increases in agricultural production as well as technological innovation linked to the industrial revolution, but more important European expansion overseas.European powers were importing food and resources from other parts of the world that were in short supply at home and exported part of its excess population to the colonies.In the cities a lack of knowledge about hygiene led to epidemic disease and, in combination with food shortages, led to a high mortality.Notwithstanding all theses problems, birth rates still outstripped death.In short: these people believed in progress or the improvement of the living conditions for all.Thomas Malthus (1766 -1834) was a political economist and Enlightenment thinker who observed the growing population with increasing concern.The only remedy for society could be to control the birthrate and agriculture with very strict and repressive policies.Both the so-called “Malthusian catastrophe theory” and the remedies that the pastor proposed have naturally been criticized, which includes both early and late responses.To explain poverty, dearth and famine he wrote a famous essay at the end of the 18th century entitled .In good Enlightenment fashion he was trying to find “natural laws”, similar to the laws of gravity that could explain the perpetuation of poverty in the world.