He was also a war hero, fighting Indians and defeating the British at the Battle of New Orleans in 1815.
After the War of 1812, Jackson served as a federal commissioner to negotiate treaties with the Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, Seminoles, and Cherokees—the so-called “Five Civilized Tribes” of the Southeast.
Appellate Court Experience Civil Conversation and Civic Role Play Cops & Kids California Teachers Civic Action Project Courtroom to Classroom Expanding Horizons Internships Mock Trial Southern Calif. The council discussed important matters such as going to war against an enemy tribe.
Each town had a council, usually made up of a religious leader and elders.
For a thousand years before Europeans came to North America, the Cherokees occupied a large area where the states of Alabama, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia now come together. Cherokee women tended crops while the men hunted and made war.
The council members and people of the town debated an issue until they agreed on what to do.
By the 1820s, most Cherokees were living in family log cabins, cultivating fields on tribal land. A few borrowed from Southern whites the idea of establishing large cotton plantations complete with a mansion and black slaves.
The Cherokees also welcomed white Christian missionaries to set up schools to teach English and agricultural skills.
Pressure for relocation grew in Georgia after it gave up its land claims to the west. But by the 1830s, land-hungry Georgians looked with alarm at the “civilized” Cherokees.
Most of them were successfully adopting American ways and showing every sign that they meant to stay on their land.